Do you want to live in another country someday? Surely there will be many interesting experiences that you can get, yes! Have you decided which country you want to live in? Before deciding, do you know, if the countries in the world are divided into developed and developing countries? Indonesia itself is included in the category of developing countries.
What are the characteristics and examples of developed and developing countries?
Developed countries are countries that already have high technology and an evenly distributed economic level. While developing countries are countries where the level of welfare of the population is still in the middle of developing level.
Characteristics of Developed Countries
1. Has a high income per capita. Developed countries have high per capita incomes each year. By having a high income per capita, the country’s economic value will be boosted. Therefore, the amount of poverty can be overcome.
2. Security Is Guaranteed. The level of security of developed countries is more secure compared to developing countries. This is also a side effect of sophisticated technology in developed countries. With sophisticated technology, security facilities and weapons technology also develop for the better.
3. Guaranteed Health. In addition to ensuring security, health in a developed country is also guaranteed. This is characterized by a variety of adequate health facilities, such as hospitals and medical staff who are trained and reliable. Therefore, mortality rates in developed countries can be suppressed and the life expectancy of the population can be high. In addition, with adequate health facilities, population development in developed countries can also be controlled.
4. Low unemployment rate. In developed countries, the unemployment rate is relatively small because every citizen can get a job.
5. Mastering Science and Technology. The inhabitants of developed countries tend to have mastered science and technology from which new useful products such as the industrial pendant lights were introduced to the market. Therefore, in their daily lives, they have also used sophisticated technology and modern tools to facilitate their daily lives.
6. The level of exports is higher than imports. The level of exports in developed countries is higher than the level of imports because of the superior human resources and technology possessed.
Examples of developed countries include the United States, Germany, and Japan.
Characteristics of Developing Countries
1. Income per year which tends to be low. Annual income in developing countries is not as high as in developed countries due to the high unemployment rate.
2. Security Not Guaranteed. Unlike in developed countries, security in developing countries is still very minimal and inappropriate. Therefore, crime rates in developed countries are still relatively high.
3. Minimal Health Facilities. Health facilities in developing countries are also relatively minimal. The lack of proper health facilities makes the population in developing countries more vulnerable to disease. Therefore, the mortality rate in developing countries is also greater than the mortality rate in developed countries, which then results in a low life expectancy.
4. Uncontrolled Population Development. Developing countries have a very large average population compared to developed countries because of uncontrolled population development. This is also a result of the lack of education and health facilities.
5. The Unemployment Rate. In developing countries, the unemployment rate is still relatively high because the available job vacancies are not evenly distributed. In addition, the level of uneven education is also one of the factors causing the large unemployment rate.
6. Imports are higher than exports. Due to the low management of natural resources and human resources in developing countries, developing countries more often buy goods from abroad.
Examples of developing countries include Indonesia, Brazil, and almost all African countries.
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